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Morgan Hawke has been writing erotic fiction since The same is true of Korea and Japan, where indigenous beliefs have been overlaid by the cultural influence of China. The magical practices of China found ready acceptance in Korea and Japan. Although many of the practices traveled on their own, religion — chiefly Buddhism, which had already absorbed elements of Chinese popular beliefs and of Daoism — was an important vehicle for the transfer of Chinese magic. The result was an amalgam of magical lore in East Asia, with Chinese knowledge often providing a frame to which specifically Korean or Japanese practices and permutations were affixed.
In general, one should distinguish between magic, which provides a means to accomplish specific ends through spells, gestures, amulets, talismans, and the like , and various occult sciences such as yarrow-stalk divination with the Book of Changes , astrology, hemerology, geomancy, and alchemy , even though this distinction was not strongly maintained in the traditional Chinese schema of magic and the occult. There was in fact a fluid boundary between magic where there was no cause for rationalization and occult sciences, which were elaborated in terms of a theory of symbolic correspondence based on the concepts of yin-yang dualism and of Five Actions wuxing: Not only was this theory the product of prior conceptions of the magical power of fire, water, and other primary forces in nature e.
Not infrequently, occult theory supplied a modus operandi for magic and religious worship. For example, an astrological instrument designed to calculate the position of the Big Dipper Chinese archaeology has recently brought to light a second-century bce specimen of the device was used by the usurper Wang Mang to direct the power of the Dipper against his enemies in 23 ce. From the beginning, this astrological instrument served as one means for conjuring the god of the Dipper and polestar talismanic replicas of the constellation cast in metal were also used.
Similarly, the hemerological symbols of the calendrical cycle were not simply neutral signs marking the passage of time; they constituted a succession of spirits whose magical powers could be summoned through spells and talismans. The Warring States — bce , Qin — bce , and Han bce — ce periods were the formative age for Chinese magic. Earlier, magic was employed in dealings with the spirits and was important in the royal ancestral religion of the Shang and early Zhou c. But the proliferation of magical arts, and an increasing differentiation between magic as employed in archaic religion and magic for its own sake, began during the Warring States and continued to develop in Qin-Han times.
The history of Chinese magic in later centuries followed from the developments of this period. It was during the same period that the theory of symbolic correspondence was formulated, and developments in occult sciences paralleled significantly those in magic. Before the Warring States the principal practitioners of magic were the wu , a class of female and in lesser numbers, male shamans who mediated between the human and spirit worlds.
Their methods included trances in which spirits might descend into their bodies or in which the shaman might journey into the spirit world, invocations and maledictions, and the utilization of magical materials to either attract or repel the spirits. Their functions overlapped those of incantators chu and other ritual officiants; however, the latter did not engage in ecstatic trances.
The Warring States and Qin-Han periods witnessed the decline in prestige of these shamans, who came to be increasingly associated with witchcraft; the rise of occult specialists fangshi , literally "masters of recipes" , whose skills extended to magical operations; and the formation of a Daoist clergy, who adapted magic to fill the needs of the newly emergent religion organized Daoist religious communities made their first appearance in the second century ce. The general populace also practiced forms of superstitious magic in the course of daily life.
Historical records of Han rulers who favored shamans and masters of recipes provide an important source of information about ancient Chinese magic. Liu Che posthumously titled Wu Di; r. One master of recipes, Li Shaoweng, was a psychopomp who gained Liu Che's favor by conjuring the ghost of the ruler's recently deceased concubine; he was executed after he was exposed for fabricating portents.
Near the end of Liu Che's reign the court was paralyzed by an outbreak of a type of shamanic witchcraft known as gu. The word gu referred to a demonic affliction that attacked its victim as the result of witchcraft. According to some accounts, gu was a poison produced by sealing certain creatures in a vessel until only one remained, which became the gu. The tradition that the gu is a magical potion cultivated by women and passed down through generations is still alive today.
Those who ingested the gu were believed to die and become the demon-slaves of the gu and its keeper.
In two of the witchcraft incidents at Liu Che's court the gu agent was discovered to be a wooden effigy buried in the ground, where it was intended to bring harm to the ruler. There were other cases of witchcraft during the Han period in which shamans were hired to work black magic. Accusations of charlatanism against masters of recipes and fear of shamanic witchcraft were widespread during the Han period.
A negative perception of magical practices crystallized around the government's concern for its own political and spiritual authority. This should be accompanied by various candles, all but one of which are to be black. The lone exception is to be a white candle, used in destructive magic, which is kept to the right of the altar.
The final book of The Satanic Bible emphasizes the importance of spoken word and emotion to effective magic.
Greater and lesser magic - Wikipedia
The "Invocation employed towards the conjuration of lust" is used for attracting the attentions of another. Both male and female versions of the invocation are provided. The "Invocation employed towards the conjuration of destruction" commands the dark forces to destroy the subject of the invocation.
The "Invocation employed towards the conjuration of compassion" requests protection, health, strength, and the destruction of anything ailing the subject of the invocation.
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They are given in Enochian and also translated into English. He maintains that the translations provided are an "unvarnishing" of the translations performed by the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn in the s,  but others accuse LaVey of simply changing references to Christianity with those to Satan.
In designing these rituals, LaVey drew upon a variety of older sources, with scholar of Satanism Per Faxneld noting that LaVey "assembled rituals from a hodgepodge of historical sources, literary as well as esoteric". In this rite, set to take place at night in a secluded location near to a turbulent body of water, a celebrant takes on the role of Cthulhu and appears before the assembled Satanists, signing a pact between them in the language of Lovecraft's fictional "Old Ones".
Michael Moynihan, "Infernal Impact: Lesser magic, also referred to as "everyday" or "situational" magic, is the practice of manipulation by means of applied psychology. The word "fascination" comes from the Latin word "fascinare", which means "to cast a spell upon". He gives three qualities that can be employed for this purpose: He also advocates the use of odor. In the Book of Belial , he discusses three types of rituals: Destruction rituals are designed to do harm to others  and involve the symbolic annihilation of an enemy through the use of "vicarious" human sacrifice often involving a customized effigy representing the intended victim which is then put through ritual fire, smashing, or other representation of obliteration.
Compassion rituals are designed with the intent of helping people including oneself , to evoke overwhelming pathos or sadness, and crying is strongly encouraged. In The Satanic Rituals , LaVey makes a distinction between the ritual and the ceremony, stating that rituals " A satanic baptism is a ceremony for a child is intended to be a symbolic recognition of the infant as being born a Satanist  and is only to be performed for those under the age of four, as LaVey claimed that beyond this age, the child has already begun to be influenced by "alien" ideas.
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An official Satanic wedding ceremony was published in The Satanic Scriptures in The first Satanic funeral was for U. It was performed by LaVey at the request of Olsen's wife, complete with a chrome-helmeted honor guard. LaVey also developed his own Black Mass , which was designed as a form of deconditioning to free the participant from any inhibitions that they developed living in Christian society. The Book of Satan: The Enlightenment , The Book of Belial: